The privilege to dictate molecular architecture and have seamless assembly when creating microtechnology that will perform work in response to stimuli is absent in several fields including soft robotics, biomedical devices, and aerospace materials. Further, these achievements would require knowledge of molecular composition effects and materials that could be precisely reproduced. Two-photon polymerization (2PP-curing) is a light induced additive manufacturing procedure that utilizes photochemistry to develop nanoscale materials, however, little research has been published that explores resulting structural properties, especially those that interact with heat, light, and X-rays.
My thesis is to utilize 2PP-curing combined with optics and chemistry to develop new resins to print interactive materials with submicron features by controlling chemical network formation. In conjunction with readily available resources, this thesis will introduce responsive metamaterials with 4-D capabilities that can exhibit properties such as thermally actuated shape memory for surface adhesion, dichroic memory, and density control for momentum transfer. Further investigation of chemistry (and resulting structural properties) available for 2PP-curing will provide a review of formulations for specific purposes that will further enhance the field of smart AM technology to realize adaptable optical and mechanical actuators.